Mould refers to the class of microscopic, multicellular Organisms phone in the Association with water mainly in the bathrooms in homes. Research shows that mould can grow anywhere where there are some moist, optimum temperature and the food source. More commonly they are found in Bathrooms, ground floor apartments, leaking roofs or in the dilapidation of buildings.
Building materials that become damp, any non-porous surface like tiles that provide right adhesion for the moulds our best environment for mould growth. Approximately 60% of homes have a water problem every year, and they are more likely to have conditions where mould can grow easily. In Australia, the environment is best for the growth of mould, and it is the most common situation Faced by people during winter. Many people search for methods to remove mould from their houses.
Mould Presence in Winters:
During winters, we all try to make our homes warmer and environment friendly. Still, many homes have poor thermal insulation resistance. These homes lose the heat inside the house through windows and windows frames and the cause of lower temperature inside the home. In winters, the temperature outside the house is very low; therefore, the warm heat inside the home hits the glass windows, and we can observe the condensation forming effect.
This condensation effect leads to the damping of walls and carpet surrounding the windows. It provides the moisture and best environment for the mould to begin its growth. Most of the people are unaware of this condition, and they tried to remove mould from their houses without knowing the cause of mould growth.
Types of Mould and Identification:
There are a lot of different moulds. Have you ever heard about Penicillium mould or Alternaria mould? Many moulds have different strains. Many strains usually produce mycotoxins that can cause disease in humans, but they are mostly found in water-damaged environments. Humans have allergic responses to the majority of mould. Common strains found in the moist environment in homes are responsible for different allergic reactions among the people.
Mostly the myth is that mould would be black or green in colour. There are many mould that are not black or green. The colour is irrelevant to identify mould. It’s just a way to describe that some mould appears in these colours on water damaged areas.
Rather than colour, there are other ways to identify the mould in the homes. One of the best criteria is odour. Odour is directly related to the volatile microbial compounds. Mould usually releases alcohol-based compounds. The person smells these, and it’s an identification of mould.
In most cases, mould is visible and easily identified by the person. Many people are suffering from mould problems in Australia. They want to get rid of mould and are trying to search for different methods to remove mould from their homes.
Methods of Mould Removal:
There may be many reasons behind mould buildup in your home. There are a lot of methods to remove mould from homes. Two of the best, the reliable and easier one, is:
1. Mould Removal by using Vinegar:
Vinegar is a natural and safe mould cleaning method. Like chemicals, Vinegar doesn’t emit any dangerous fumes or toxins. The use of Vinegar also leads to kill and prevent future mould growth. Following things are required to clean mould by using Vinegar:
- White distilled Vinegar
- Spray Bottle
- Scrubbing brush
- Plain Water and Clean Clothes
Steps for Mould Cleaning:
- Take some amount of white distilled Vinegar in the dry spray bottle.
- Spray a proper amount on the infected areas and allow it for 1 – 2 hours to settle there.
- Use a clean soaked cloth in-plane water and wipe out all the mould from infested areas. Sometimes, mould strongly adheres to the surface. Use a scrubbing brush having strong bristles to remove from the surface.
- With the help of Dry clean cloth, absorb the moisture from the cleaned areas and keep windows open to dry the area quicker. The smell of Vinegar will also go out by opening windows.
- To prevent future mould growth, Vinegar should be spread out once or twice in a week using the spray bottle. It helps to prevent future mould growth.
2. Mould Cleaning by using Bleach:
Bleach is another option for the removal of mould. Bleach is a good cleaning agent and can kill microbes. It is frequently used for the sanitization of walls and floors. Bleach is used along with the other chemicals for disinfecting purposes. Following things are required for the mould removal by using Bleach:
- Chlorine Bleach
- Bucket, Water
- Clean Clothes
Steps for Mould Cleaning:
- Put on gloves and a mask and then make a solution of chlorine bleach. For mould removal, make a solution of 1:10 of Bleach and water. Bleach is a chemical, and it produces harsh fumes; therefore, gloves and mask are necessary for using Bleach.
- Soak a clean cloth in the solution and wipe out all the mould from infested areas. Avoid using too much force to prevent damage. Bleach may sometimes affect the window surfaces or walls but mould is removed from the bleach solution.
- Using a dry clean cloth, absorb the moisture from the cleaned surface. There is to need rinsing after the Bleach because it acts as a sanitizer. It also prevents the future growth of mould.
Some preventive measures for Removal of Mould:
Following are some considerations that help in cleaning mould from homes:
1. Increase Ventilation:
A moist environment is best for the growth of mould. Usually in winters, when people try to make their homes warmer there become a condensation because of the low temperature in the outside environment. This creates damp surfaces and mould grows in these areas.
2. Regular Cleaning:
Cleaning is also very necessary. Regular cleaning helps to minimize dust and reduce the chances of mould growth. Regularly cleaning makes the environment of the home neat and clean.
3. Using a dehumidifier:
The major cause of mould development is humidity in the internal environment. According to the research, the moisture in all rooms of home should be less than 60%. In winters, the humidity exceeds above 80%, and it allows the rapid growth of moulds. To stop the mould growth, use a dehumidifier that keeps the humidity at an optimum level. It leads to prevent mould growth even before it starts.
4. Drying Carpet:
Sometimes the carpets of the room are water damaged. It causes the development of mould problems in it. It is very necessary to dry the carpet in the first 24 to 48 hours to stop the mould development.
5. Renovation of Damped areas:
Damped surfaces like ceilings and windows are more likely for mould growth. When these surfaces become in longer contact with water and humidity, they become damped. These infested areas are the best place for the growth of mould. There is a need to renovate these infected areas to prevent future mould growth.
6. Remain Vigilant:
There requires special attention to this problem. To get rid of this problem permanently, there is a need to find out the major cause of mould growth.
7. Using Chemicals for Mould Removal:
Many chemicals are used as an antifungal disinfectant, and they clean the mould. Usually, domestic chemicals are different from hospital grade chemicals. Simple chemicals like Bleach are used to clean mould in homes.
Health Problems associated with moulds
Mould is just considered as nothing more than a fuzzy substance that grows in a bathroom or moist surfaces. But there are many health concerns related to the mould. Mould is associated with allergies and respiratory distress. The most common problem caused by the spores’ presence in the environment is Asthma.
Some strains of mould produce mycotoxins. Mycotoxins are the major cause of neurological disorders including pain, dementia, lack of balance and muscle weakness. Mould grows in the moist area where they reproduce, and asexual spores become airborne. These spores can lead to irritation and serious infections. Many other health concerns are associated with mould growth.
The development of growth in homes is a frustrating thing, and many people want to get rid of this problem. There are many simple ways to remove mould from the houses. Mould is associated with the moist environment and grows in the damaged surfaces in the presence of humidity. Taking special consideration to the humidity level, especially in winters, helps to get rid of this problem. Moulds are also associated with many serious health concerns. Therefore, it is very necessary to clean home from mould.
“Identification of condensation, poor ventilation and leaks are the indicators more likely to have this problem.”